KPU Criminology Instructor Comments on Surrey’s Transition to Municipal Police Force
Mike Larsen says he is “skeptical” of some aspects of the city’s plan to replace the RCMP
News / November 24, 2018
The Surrey City Council, led by newly elected mayor Doug McCallum and the Safe Surrey Coalition, has vowed to fulfil its election promise by ending the city’s contract with the RCMP in favour of a soon-to-be-created municipal police force.
The process of doing this, according to RCMP Governance & Accountability policy, should take two years after the city decides to opt out of the contract known as the Municipal Police Unit Agreement. The Safe Surrey Coalition’s election platform stated three reasons for pulling out of this agreement.
“Surrey is currently the largest city in Canada to still use the RCMP. It is time to move forward,” says the Coalition’s website.
The website asserts that police officers in a local force will have a better understanding of issues faced by the community, and will be able to “bring better solutions and a higher level of commitment.” This transition, according to the platform, will also give the city the ability to “ensure the staffing is the level that it needs to be to get results.”
KPU Criminology instructor Mike Larsen has questions about how all of this will be achieved.
“This is presented by the mayor and the city council as a means to an end, so we’re doing this to improve safety, but I haven’t really seen the exact explanation of how that is supposed to work,” he says. “If this is a means to an end, what exactly is the end? What are the specific objectives or benefits for the City of Surrey that we’re expecting to see come out of this?”
The Surrey RCMP detachment was first designated in 1951, after city officials voted to replace the municipal force that had existed since 1909. Today, it is the largest detachment in the country, with over 1,000 officers patrolling a city of half a million people. As such, the city’s decision to return to using a municipal force is unprecedented in Canada.
The city has yet to release details of the projected costs of the transition, though it has acknowledged that costs are likely to increase. This is because 10 per cent of the RCMP’s wages are funded by the federal government.
“With any other kind of major policy shift of this size, you’d expect to see a budget, a feasibility study—some of these kinds of documents showing exactly how this is going to work,” says Larsen. “If it’s going to cost more to have a municipal police force, where is the money going to come from?”
He adds that, although Surrey intends to increase the ratio of police per capita, there are no guarantees that doing this could improve public safety.
“There’s not an exact link between more policing and less crime. There are many factors that contribute towards crime and safety in a city,” says Larsen. “So in suggesting, on its own, that you can improve public safety and reduce crime simply by changing the nature of policing—I’m skeptical of that in any jurisdiction.”
Current Surrey RCMP officers will likely be given the option to transition to the municipal force, according to the city. Since Surrey owns much of the policing equipment and vehicles in use now, it will not be necessary to replace them.