Facing Prejudice on the Public Stage
Features / October 17, 2017
Sikh politicians locally and across Canada continue to fight racism with optimism
Joseph Keller, Staff Writer & Braden Klassen, Photo Editor
Jagmeet Singh was already the first turban-wearing Sikh in Ontario to sit as a provincial legislature when the New Democratic Party elected him as their next leader on Oct. 1. Now he has become the first person of colour to lead a major Canadian party.
This is a big milestone for the South Asian Canadian community, and for equality in Canada. But it comes at a time when many are noticing a rise in racist discourse both domestically and abroad.
“Racism has been part of Canada and we have to be honest about that,” says Harjit Sajjan, Canada’s Minister of National Defence who, like Jagmeet, is the first Sikh to occupy his position. “It was much worse before but it has evolved and gotten better over time and we’re seeing a little bit of a spike now.”
Jagmeet Singh faced a symptom of that spike last month, when he found himself face-to-face with a heckler who stormed the stage at one of his campaign events and accused him of being “in bed with” Sharia law and the Muslim Brotherhood. Video of the incident has since gone viral.
What happened to Jagmeet then was just one example of what public figures of South Asian descent are commonly subjected to when they step into the limelight. Other politicians with a similar backgrounds can attest to this.
Federal and Provincial Politicians Respond to Ignorance
The incidents of racism that public figures from marginalized communities in Canada face are often much less publicized than Jagmeet’s recent encounter.
Campaign signs for politicians of South Asian origin are regularly vandalized with racist messages during elections in the City of Surrey and elsewhere in Canada. Discussions about South Asian politicians on Facebook and message boards too showcase the very worst of our nation’s thoughts towards these public figures.
Rachna Singh, a member of the B.C. Legislative Assembly for Surrey-Green Timbers who moved from India to Canada in 2001, says that she has dealt with prejudice throughout her career. Often, this racism comes in the form of the perception that she won her seat as a result of her ethnicity, and that she used it to win over the local South Asian community as voters.
“I have seen the layers of racism in everything that I do,” says Rachna. “The sentiment was, I’m just there because of my colour.”
Harjit Sajjan has faced prejudice throughout his career, both as a politician and as soldier. He recalls his early days in the military, when several of his commanding officers were hostile towards him for serving due to his ethnicity.
“I’ve been dealing with these things throughout my life,” he says. “My answer is really simple, it’s to demonstrate what type of behavior is acceptable in Canada.”
Sajjan’s response to racist or bigoted actions was to lead by example—an approach that he today advises young people of colour to adopt. He says that he continued to serve in the military and used his personal success as a way to change minds about South Asian servicemen among the ranks.
“At the end of the day, we can also look at it as: ‘How can we convince this person that everybody, regardless of ethnicity, can be a valued member of society?’” says Sajjan. “Your success is the best revenge for anybody, and it’s going to change people’s minds eventually.”
Still, many in the South Asian community have seen a spike in racist rhetoric not only online and behind closed doors, but also in public spaces. In the weeks following the election of Donald Trump as President of the United States, Rachna organized a community forum in her home riding to address what’s been seen by many as the rising tide of racism in North America.
“I’ve lived in Canada for 16 years. I’ve always felt the subtle racism, but now it is coming out in the open. I’ve never heard of these organizations before who would just come out openly and say something against a particular community,” says Rachna. “A lot of people say that it isn’t happening in Canada. It is happening in Canada.”
Rachna specifically cites an incident that occurred in June, when members of the white supremacist organization Soldiers of Odin protested outside of a Surrey mosque.
“Some of them approached me and they’re saying, ‘Go home,’ but this is home for us. These are the kids who were born and brought up here,” she says.
Rachna combats these situations by using her platform as a public figure of colour to speak out against hateful and bigoted thought.
“There are some segments who want to create hatred or want to attack multiculturalism. We have to not just sit at home and talk about it,” she says. “We have to get on the streets. We have to spread this message that this won’t happen in Canada.”
Harjit Sajjan and Rachna Singh both say that it is the job of all Canadians to speak out against racism and stand up for inclusivity, and that it is the job of politicians like them to start those conversations.
Bridging the Gaps in Local Communities
A Statistics Canada report published in June provides evidence that hate crimes in Canada have become increasingly common over the past few years.
The report found that the amount of hate crimes documented by Canadian police rose by 5.2 per cent—from 1,295 to 1,362—between 2014 and 2015. This was “largely attributable to an increase in police-reported hate crimes motivated by hatred of a religion (+9%, or 40 more incidents) or of a race or ethnicity (+5%, or 30 more incidents).”
It further states that “much of the increase in police-reported crimes motivated by hatred of a race or ethnicity is due to 23 more incidents against Arabs or West Asians.”
Out of the 13 provinces and territories, B.C. had the fourth highest number of hate crimes committed in 2015 with 164, 38 of which targeted religious minorities.
This is alarmingly disproportionate to the size of B.C.’s population, which is about four times larger than the population of Manitoba. Despite this, the number of the hate crimes committed against religious people here in 2015 was almost 10 times higher than it was there.
Though these figures can appear discouraging, especially for people of colour in the province who become or hope to become public figures, it has not prevented many of them from entering politics and serving their communities.
Despite the fact that he has experienced numerous instances of cultural ignorance and racism, Kwantlen Student Association President Tanvir Singh says that he is optimistic for Canada’s future.
“There’s a cultural shift happening,” he says, pointing to Surrey as an example of a thriving multicultural community in B.C. “I think that it’s really important for all of us to have friends of different cultures, to get accustomed to other people, and to have that level of acceptance going forward.”
He says that Jagmeet Singh’s response to the heckler last month represents these values of acceptance, specifically when he chose not to react by clarifying that he was Sikh in response to being incorrectly labelled as a Muslim.
“That’s really inspiring to me,” says Tanvir. “I think if somebody was to be racist against me and call me a Muslim, the first thing I would say is, ‘I’m not a Muslim.’ But I think that Mr. [Jagmeet] Singh really puts out a good message … where you’re condemning the violence, not the misattribution.”
He says that working towards cultural acceptance can be a “two-way-street.”
“There’s kind of a concept in social justice communities where marginalized individuals shouldn’t have to be the ones to educate their oppressors,” he says. “I wouldn’t necessarily agree with that all of the time. I think there are definitely places where people from an oppressive community do need to go out and be the ones learning, but when people are asking sincere questions not meant to hurt or put you down, I think it’s really important for us as a community to come together and help others learn about our own cultures and identities.”